Kate B Hall <email@example.com>
"...an expression of ‘animation’ or ‘the divine soul’ and never as a simple linear bordering of objects as contemporary Japanese artists and poets in general took the term to mean."
- to copy reality as it is
- to select carefully from experience (the next stage)
- to include makoto, internal, psychological reality of what is truthful (the third development)
…and making use of clinamen, the turn, bias, or twist: “[The] word that Lucretius, in his 2nd century book, The Nature of Things, used to describe how the world works. Instead of describing solid things as fixed and resting in space, he got his readers to imagine that the whole solid spatial world was moving along in the same direction.”
Paraphrased from Pennsylvania State University